Old Town of Lijiang exists around a Lijiang plain at an altitude of 2, 400 meters in southwest Yunnan province of China.
This town is among the last surviving historical towns in China.
The structure of this Old Town of Lijiang is noteworthy for that the fusion of elements from many civilizations, and its historical water provide the system of great complexity and creativity still functions today.
This city comprises of 3 parts
This city comprises of 3 parts:
- Dayan Old Town situated from the Ming Dynasty as a commercial center. This is most famous of three places. 1st photo on this post is the entrance of Dayan Old Town.
- Baisha housing bunch situated before during that the Song and Yuan dynasties, known as Baisha Ancient Town.
- Shuhe housing clusters situated 4 kilometers northwest of Dayan Old Town, known as Shuhe Ancient Town.
These settlements nestling in hills and surrounded with water display the mix of local cultures, folk customs over several centuries.
Two stories about folk housing
There are several two stories.
- Tile roofed, wood framed houses incorporating components of Han and Zang decoration and architecture from that the arched gateways.
- Screen walls, courtyards and stained roof beams signify of the Naxi culture and are arranged in rows after the contours of the mountainside.
Carved with domestic and cultural components are wooden components including pottery, musical instruments, flowers and birds.
This 800-year-old habitation of that the Naxi individuals is noteworthy for its harmony with nature, ingenious structure and urban facilities.
From 1253 on, that the Naxi people of Lijiang developed a distinctive social system, traditions and culture of their very own under the dominion of a hereditary succession of chieftains of that the Mu clan.
Despite many earthquakes that afflicted Lijiang, and since of renovation, a majority of the old city retains its original structure. Encompassed Lijiang the snow covered Yulong Snow Mountain.
Yulong Snow Mountain
Yulong Snow Mountain to that the north-west functions as the source of the springs and rivers.
This mountain has watered the plain and supply the black dragon’s pond, from where waterways feed on a network of channels and canals to provide the city.
There are four seasons on one mountain, says a folk song on Yulong Snow Mountain, that the scenery changes every ten li (about 5 kilometer).
We know Lijiang area as a treasure house of animals and plants, and a big natural reservoir.
Water flowing down from melting glaciers and snow high from that the hills irrigate that the fields, and provides water for that the residents. From fact, water flows everywhere from Lijiang. Crystal clear streams wind around all that the houses and flow throughout the courtyards.
Stone bridges span the streams.
Streets paved with coloured stones, including Square Street, therefore Streets keep free of dust and mud in all seasons.
The origin of those streams is that the Jade Spring River, which meanders past that the foot of Elephant Hill, north of Lijiang. The local people have made ponds along that the courses of that the springs.
The maintenance fee of Old Town of Lijiang
The Protection Regulations of old Town of Lijiang in Yunnan Province, issued by the People’s Government of Yunnan Province.
The special fee will be collected from people who travels or undertakes other activities in the Old Town District and Yulong Naxi Autonomous County of Lijiang City. and this fee is allowed only to be used in the protection of Old Town of Lijiang which belongs to the world heritage.
The legal ground of the maintenance fee of Old Townl of Lijiang: Rules on Management of Scenic Spot issued by The State Council Rules on Management Of Scenic Spot Rules on Management of Scenic Spot of Yunnan Province. The Protection Regulations of Old Town of Lijiang of Yunnan Province, Notice on Old Town of Lijiang Maintenance fee Standard Adjustment by Yunnan Provincial Development and Reform Commission and Yunnan Provincial Financial Department (YNDPC fee  No.252) and Collection Measures on Maintenance fee for Old Town of Lijiang in Lijiang City.