Category Archives: yunnan

lake Dianchi at 1982

This photo was taken when my wife was 5 years old.

Black and white photography in the 1980s seems to be Chinese.

But in the last 40 years, China has changed to an unexplainable.

When I was little, My father took a lot of pictures, and now I think it’s really valuable!

https://atelier-leilei.blog/1982-lake-dianchi-kunming-city/

In front of Kunming City Museum in Kunming City on 2017/08/22.

Kunming Museum (Kunming City Museum)

We went here at Aug. 22, 2017.

And my wife went again April. 12, 2019.

We went Kunming City Museum at Aug. 22, 2017. And my wife went again April. 12, 2019.

My wife standing in front of Kunming City Museum. in Kunming City on 2017/08/22 ©china21.blog

About and Location

Kunming museum is Iocated at No.93 Tuodong Road, Kunming, Yunnan Province in China.

It covers an area of 20,000 square meters, and the building area is about 17,000 square meters. this museum is a local onewith comprehensive functions.

Kunming museum opened to public in September 1997.

Kunming City Museum is Iocated at No.93 Tuodong Road, Kunming.

In front of Kunming City Museum in Kunming City on 2017/08/22 ©china21.blog

Exhibitions

It preserves over 20,000 pieces of collections, containing anirualfossils, ancient human fossils, stone wares, bronze wares, paintings and calligraphy, porcelains, minority relics and articles in modern times.

Currently, the museum has 6 basic exhibits.

These are

  1. Dinosaurs Fossil
  2. Dianchi Area bronze Culture Exhibition
  3. Sutra Pillar of the Ksitigarbha Temple
  4. Kunming Flying tigers Museum
  5. Exibition of Yunnan Fans Masterpieces in Qing Dynasty
  6. Exibition of Blue and White Porcelains Folk Kiln in Ming Dynasty

In addition, Kunming museum introduces more than 20 temporary exhibitions every year.

This aimes at bringing in art, culture, and relics articles abroad and home, and paintings, calligraphy, and folk handcraft in Yunnan province.

This tower is in front of 1st floor of the museum. In Kunming City on 2017/08/22.

This tower is in front of 1st floor of the museum. In Kunming City on 2017/08/22 ©china21.blog

Significances

Kunming museum becomes a platform for culture exchange, a window about learning history, a place recalling past times for people.

Kunming museum is patriotism education base and public popular science base in Yunnan province.

In 2002, Ministry of Personnel and State Cultural Relics Bureau jointly awarded this museum “Advanced Unit under Relics Bureau”.

In front of Kunming City Museum in Kunming City on 2017/08/22.

In front of Kunming City Museum in Kunming City on 2017/08/22 ©china21.blog

Leather jumper with wappen Illustrated by Walt Disney

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum

We went Kunming Flying Tigers Museum on Mar 01, 2013 at first.

We went here on Aug. 22, 2017 at second.

And my wife went again on April. 12, 2019.

In front of Kunming Flying Tigers Museum (in Kunming City Museum), Kunming City on 2013/03/01

We went Kunming Flying Tigers Museum on Mar 01, 2013 at first. ©china21.blog

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum

The gate of Kunming Flying Tigers Museum Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China.

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China. taken on 201708/22 ©china21.blog

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.

In front of Kunming Flying Tigers Museum (in Kunming City Museum), Kunming City on 2013/03/01

We went Kunming Flying Tigers Museum on Mar 01, 2013 at first. ©china21.blog

from “Flying Shark” to “Flying Tiger”

The airplane of above photo expresses “Flying Shark”, not Tiger.

At first, Americans boasted of this “Flying Shark”, but the Kunming people could not understand it.

Kunming people did not know Shark, because Kunming and Yunnan has not any seas.

Thus Americans needed change planes illustirations to Tiger, which Kunming people know well.

The subtitle of this museum is “Tigers in the sky”.

Illustrations for Kunming Flying Tigers Team's Aviations by Walt Disney

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China. taken on 201708/22 ©china21.blog

Tigers illustrations

The AmericanVolunteer Group saw their battle on December 20th, 1941.

Soon after the battle, Walt Disney Studios designed “flying tigers” emblem.

we know especially the next illustration of tiger.

Soon after the battle, Walt Disney Studios designed "flying tigers" emblem.

Walt Disney Studios designed “flying tigers” emblem. ©china21.blog

It is lively, winged, tiger sprouting from the letter V for victory.

About the team

The American “Flying Tigers”, an ingenious air force which is courageous and skillful in battle.

Exhibit "China air force against Japan" at Flying Tigers Exhibit in Kunming City Museum.

Exhibit “China air force against Japan” at Flying Tigers Exhibit in Kunming City Museum. Taken on2017/08/22 ©china21.blog

They joined in Anti-Japanese war with the fearless spirit, fighting together with Chinese army and people.

The sketch map of the 58th Bomb wing bombinb Japanese Military. Plate in Kunming Flying Tigers Museum.

The sketch map of the 58th Bomb wing bombinb Japanese Military. Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China. taken on 201708/22 ©china21.blog

The resounding name and their extraordinary performance are like a memorial. That Would never fade away existing on the mind of Sino-US people who treasure peace.

One of the Kunming Flying Tigers team got married Chinese newswriter Chen Xiangmei in 1947.

She is Anna Chennault (Chen Xiangmei). Kunming Flying Tigers Museum, Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China. taken on 201708/22 ©china21.blog

It’s Name

The Flying Tigers Team, a resounding and honorable name. It is also a reputation that Chinese people gave to American Air Force who once helped and supported China in WWII.

Strictly speaking, “Flying Tigers” infers American Volunteer Group which came to China from August 1941 toJuly 1942.

Leather jumper with wappen Illustrated by Walt Disney

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China. taken on 201708/22 ©china21.blog

Then, AVG was recomposed several times; however, the title “Flying Tigers” remains among civil society. People from China Air Task Force in I0th AAF, and the 14th AAF are called “Flying Tigers” by Chinese people.

Hanging curtains prited Aviations, USA people, Chinese people. out of museum gate.

Kunming Flying Tigers Museum is exists on the second floor in Kunming Museum, Tuodong road of Kunming, Yunnan, China. taken on 201708/22 ©china21.blog

Guide

Preface

This Museum writes preface like bellow.

Preface of Flying Tigers Museum, Kunming City on 2013/03/01. ©china21.blog

This Museum writes preface like bellow,

According to the Chinese Proverb, “A just cause enjoys abundant support.” Many countries provided a great help to China during its war against Japan.

On Augst 1, 1941, the government fo China (with the support of the US government) recruited some volunteers from the United States and established the 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG), which belongs to China Air Force. They joined the battle in Yunnan (a province in the western China) and Burma. This group was known as the “Flying Tigers” because their used a flying tiger as their logo. Their courageous spirit achieved numerous successes under the command of General Claire Chennault.

One year later, China Air Task Force and 14th Air Force came to China. Since this two air force groups were also led by General Claire Chennault, and use Flying Tiger as their badge, they were highly praised by Chinese people and were called Flying Tigers too.

The 4-year history of the Flying Tigers was a very important part of China’s War against Japan and the world war against Faschist during which “The Flying Tiger” soldiers had shed blood, devoted their lives, and fought courageously for the victory.

The people of China will always commemorate and cherish the Flying Tigers and their glorious achivements.

Flying Tigers Spread Their Wings

This team is a very special combat team. This was formed in less than 3 weeks, this team is known all over the world as the Flying Tigers, a legend in history of aviation.

On August 1, Chiang Kai-Shek issued an order announcing the founding of 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG), and appointed Chennault as colonel commander.

Arduous Struggle: China Air Task Force

Under the command of an unyielding general, this small US Air Force started the US participation in China’s war against Japan.

Embracing Victory: 14th Army Air Force

Inherited the flying tigers spirit, 14th Air Force fought courageously and skillfully giving japanese army a dying kick and embraced the final victory.

“Hump Flight” and “Matterhorn operation”

During China’s War against Japan, besides Gen Claire Lee Chennault’s Flying Tigers, many other forces were active in supporting China.

They were China-India Union force of ATC (American Transport Command) who took the Hump Ferrying tasks and the 58 Union Force of the 20th Air Force whose major task was Matterhorn operation aiming at bombing Japanese territories.

Making Achievements with Joint Efforts

Chinese people contributed great efforts to the exploits that the Flying Tigers made On one side, and Chinese pilots united the Flying Tigers together against Japanese on the other side.

Military and civilians did everything to help in many ways: they tried hard to build, maintain and defend airfields:

  • set up an air-raid warning network.
  • supplied with daily needs and ground service
  • rescued wounded pilots

What they had done guaranteed necessary and effective supply.

General Chennault of the Flying Tigers

  • Photo Chennault with his autograph
  • Claire Chennault on the cover of Life magazine on August 10, 1942
  • Chennault on the cover of MAN’S ILLUSTRATED magazine
  • 1957 advertisement made by Chennault

etc…

Anna Chennault, A Friendly Messenger of China and America

This museum displayes Anna’s books, “China and Me”, “The White House and Me”, and “Love and Marriage”, etc…

Conclusion

Despite the human disaster and the suffering caused by the war, the joint effort of China and the U.S. to fight Japanese aggression more than seven decades ago, gave witness to the search for justice, and to the courage and fraternity of the two peoples.

Some memories of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression over 70 years ago have been lost with the passing of time.

However, the collected memorabilia of the Flying Tigers takes us back to that time of war, their reality displays the most glorious and memorable page in the history of the cooperation between the two nations.

Such an exhibition of Flying Tiger memorabilia would be anticipated by the peaceloving people of both nations, who advocate friendship between the two countries.

The Kunming Museum felt it was incumbent to make it happen.

Donors List

America

  • Anna Chen Chennault
  • Pedro & Pek Chan
  • Wayne Tam
  • John Shull
  • Bill Smith
  • Lt. Robert Walkinsharw
  • Gordon Wong
  • Joe Loy Yung
  • Harry Lee
  • Henry Sam Yuen Gee
  • Hoe Loy Yung
  • Mack Pong
  • James Bok Wong, PhD
  • Kay W Chin
  • Al Chinn
  • Wing Yoke Lai
  • Wayne Wong
  • Richard Goon
  • Tom Wah S. Lew
  • Fulton Yee
  • Olga Greenlaw (female secretary of Chennault)
  • Diego Kusak
  • Charles Peterson

China

  • Zhang Jiaqi
  • Kuang Rui
  • Ding Xueren
  • Jim (Hongkong)
  • Peng Jingwu & Rao Huilan
Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City

I visited here without knowing the history of this building, but I feel the dignity of the former military school. I felt a sense of stability in a large space, and I felt mysterious and calm.

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City (Whampoa Military Academy) was established in 1909.

It is located on 22 CuiHuXi Road, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China.

The gate of Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City

The gate of Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23 ©china21.blog

This Academy had run 22 hatches altogether with more than 9,000 graduates by 1935, and had created two of the founding fathers of PRC, field marshal Zhu De and field marshal Ye Jianying, and a lot of outstanding generals well-known in modern Chinese and Asia military history.

My wife is holding an umbrella in front of me. Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23

My wife is holding an umbrella in front of me. Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23 ©china21.blog

With 36, 000 square meters, the site of Yunnan Military Academy is located on the west of Green lake in Kunming which had been declared as one of the key units of the national cultural relics under the state protections by the State council of China since 1988.

My wife standing in Green Lake with lotus spread. in Kunming City

My wife standing in Green Lake with lotus spread. in Kunming City on 2017/08/23 ©china21.blog

The site was named as the national demonstration base for patriotism education by the Central Propaganda Department in November, 2005.

In the following 3 years, the exhibition of Yunnan Military Acadeay have been bing reconstructed on the theme of ‘Hundred-year-old Military Academy, the Cradle of Generals’, which will be shown to public in the 27th of 0ctober, 2009.

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23 ©china21.blog

The thematic exhibition consists of three parts, the development of Yunnan Military Academy, the brilliant achievements and the records of the marshals and generals, with around 2, 000 items on display, including unique items, like the graduation certificate of Marshal Ye Jianying from Yunnan Military Academy and the record of infantry (textbook used in Yunnan Military Academy).

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23 ©china21.blog

In the exhibition, many modern multimedia display techniques are employed, like phantom imaging system, techniques are employed, like phantom imaging system, virtual book reading system and electron microscopic system and so on, so that the history of Yunnan Military Academy is opened to the visitors in a vivid and intuitive way.

You are warmly welcome to the Historic Museum of Yunnan Military Academy.

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23

Yunnan Military Academy in Kunming City on 2017/08/23 ©china21.blog

Purple flowers blooms vividly. One river flows in Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town.

Old Town of Lijiang comprises of 3 parts

Old Town of Lijiang exists around a Lijiang plain at an altitude of 2, 400 meters in southwest Yunnan province of China.

My wife is raising her hands at the gate of Lijiang Ancient Town.

Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

This town is among the last surviving historical towns in China.

The structure of this Old Town of Lijiang is noteworthy for that the fusion of elements from many civilizations, and its historical water provide the system of great complexity and creativity still functions today.

Water is good for the myriad things without struggle.

Water is good for the myriad things without struggle. at Shuhe Ancient Town. 2017/08/18 ©china21.blog

This city comprises of 3 parts

This city comprises of 3 parts:

  1. Dayan Old Town situated from the Ming Dynasty as a commercial center. This is most famous of three places. 1st photo on this post is the entrance of Dayan Old Town.
  2. Baisha housing bunch situated before during that the Song and Yuan dynasties, known as Baisha Ancient Town.
  3. Shuhe housing clusters situated 4 kilometers northwest of Dayan Old Town, known as Shuhe Ancient Town.

These settlements nestling in hills and surrounded with water display the mix of local cultures, folk customs over several centuries.

Red letters of Stone monument on the entrance of Shuhe Ancient Town.

Stone monument on the entrance of Shuhe Ancient Town. 2017/08/18 ©china21.blog

Two stories about folk housing

There are several two stories.

  1. Tile roofed, wood framed houses incorporating components of Han and Zang decoration and architecture from that the arched gateways.
  2. Screen walls, courtyards and stained roof beams signify of the Naxi culture and are arranged in rows after the contours of the mountainside.

Carved with domestic and cultural components are wooden components including pottery, musical instruments, flowers and birds.

The letter of "Na-xi Music" and their cultural walls.

Na-xi Music and walls at Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

This 800-year-old habitation of that the Naxi individuals is noteworthy for its harmony with nature, ingenious structure and urban facilities.

From 1253 on, that the Naxi people of Lijiang developed a distinctive social system, traditions and culture of their very own under the dominion of a hereditary succession of chieftains of that the Mu clan.

Despite many earthquakes that afflicted Lijiang, and since of renovation, a majority of the old city retains its original structure. Encompassed Lijiang the snow covered Yulong Snow Mountain.

Yulong Snow Mountain from Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

Yulong Snow Mountain

Yulong Snow Mountain to that the north-west functions as the source of the springs and rivers.

This mountain has watered the plain and supply the black dragon’s pond, from where waterways feed on a network of channels and canals to provide the city.

There are four seasons on one mountain, says a folk song on Yulong Snow Mountain, that the scenery changes every ten li (about 5 kilometer).

We know Lijiang area as a treasure house of animals and plants, and a big natural reservoir.

Purple flowers blooms vividly. One river flows in Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town.

Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

Water flowing down from melting glaciers and snow high from that the hills irrigate that the fields, and provides water for that the residents. From fact, water flows everywhere from Lijiang. Crystal clear streams wind around all that the houses and flow throughout the courtyards.

Big water wheel at Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town.

Dayan Old Town in Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

Stone bridges span the streams.

Streets paved with coloured stones, including Square Street, therefore Streets keep free of dust and mud in all seasons.

Many streams go through Lijiang ancient town..

Shuhe Ancient Town. 2017/08/19 ©china21.blog

The origin of those streams is that the Jade Spring River, which meanders past that the foot of Elephant Hill, north of Lijiang. The local people have made ponds along that the courses of that the springs.

The maintenance fee of Old Town of Lijiang

The Protection Regulations of old Town of Lijiang in Yunnan Province, issued by the People’s Government of Yunnan Province.

The special fee will be collected from people who travels or undertakes other activities in the Old Town District and Yulong Naxi Autonomous County of Lijiang City. and this fee is allowed only to be used in the protection of Old Town of Lijiang which belongs to the world heritage.

The legal ground of the maintenance fee of Old Townl of Lijiang: Rules on Management of Scenic Spot issued by The State Council Rules on Management Of Scenic Spot Rules on Management of Scenic Spot of Yunnan Province. The Protection Regulations of Old Town of Lijiang of Yunnan Province, Notice on Old Town of Lijiang Maintenance fee Standard Adjustment by Yunnan Provincial Development and Reform Commission and Yunnan Provincial Financial Department (YNDPC fee [2007] No.252) and Collection Measures on Maintenance fee for Old Town of Lijiang in Lijiang City.

skyblue and waterblue on Er Lake (Erhai)

Yunnan Province has many World heritages

Yunnan is located in the southwest of China.

We can enjoy various scenery as if the whole Yunnan Province is a World Heritage!

  • Population: 45, 960, 000
  • Area: with an area of 390, 000 sq km
  • Nationalities: Yunnan has the most ethnic minorities

Short History

This component of the southwest has been integrated into the empire since the state of Yunnan.

During world war II, Yunnan has been the strong point of protection against the Japanese invaders.

Exhibit "China air force against Japan" at Flying Tigers Exhibit in Kunming City Museum.

Exhibit “China air force against Japan” at Flying Tigers Exhibit in Kunming City Museum. Taken on August 22, 2017. ©china21.blog

After World War II, Yunnan was spared the fierce fighting between the Communists and Nationalist/Imperialists with only a few small skirmishes taking place on Yunnan soil.

Climate

For its distinctive geographical location, complex topography, and large variations in altitude, Yunnans climate is of the suburban plateau monsoon kind.

Under the Kppen Climate Classification, a lot of the state lies within the subtropical plateau or humid suburban zone, using mild to warm winters, and scattering summers, except in the tropics south, where temperatures regularly exceed 30 C from the warmer 50% of the year.

The plateau area has moderate temperatures. The western canyon area is hot, humid in the valley bottoms, but you will find freezing winds in the mountaintops.

Transport

Air There are 10 airports from Yunnan province, Kunming, Xishuangbanna, Simao, Dali, Lijiang, Baoshan, Mangshi, Zhaotong, Zhongdian and Lincang airports. There are now 50 domestic airlines into a big and middle city and 6 international Rangoon airlines, Bangkok, etc.

It is a picture when we went to Yunnan province in August 2017. The flight departure was delayed in Shanghai, and arrived at Site dedicated to Kunming Changshui International Airport (KMG) at midnight.

Kunming Changshui International Airport (KMG) at 2017.08.15 ©china21.blog

Highway Now, Yunnan has formed a good communication network using Kunming as its centre. This national and provincial highways as this trunk lines linking up sub trunk lines, cities and this countryside, radiating to all portions of this province, connecting into Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi and Tibet and also the neighboring nations Railway The Yunnan area connecting with some other part of China by railways.

With Kunming as the centre, you will find Guikun line in this east, Chengkun line in this north and Nankun line in this south. Waterway Yunnan has 6 river systems, which ranks first from temis of water systems from China and is very rich from water resources.

Local Specialties

Puer Tea, Embroidered Handcrafts, Jade, Medicines, Baiyao, Cigarettes.

Shop of Puer Tea

Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

Local Food

Steamed pot Chicken (qiguoji), Bridge crossing Rice Noodles, Xuanwei Ham, Mushrooms, Shiping tofu.

Steamed pot Chicken (qiguoji) which my wife made.

Steamed pot Chicken (qiguoji) 2019.05.27 ©china21.blog

Attractions

Stone Forest (Shilin)

Stone Forest (Shilin) in Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province.

Stone Forest (Shilin) in Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province. taken at 2013.02.27. ©china21.blog

Stone Forest (Shilin) Known since One of Earths Natural Wonders, All visitors into Kunming from home and overseas never hesitate into come here into admire this distinctive scenes formed by the stones.

Covering a few hundred sq kilometre, stone peaks rise abruptly from this ground in several layers like bamboo shoots, forests and pagodas.

Er Lake (Erhai)

skyblue and waterblue on Er Lake (Erhai)

Er Lake (Erhai), Dali, Yunnan Province. taken at 2017.08.20. ©china21.blog

Er Lake (Erhai), named after the ear shape, is a barrier lake formed following a fault foundering of this earths crust.

The beautiful scenery and clear waters of Er hai Lake are very fascinating and attractive. On this boundless expense of this lake, you will find steamers, sailing boats and flying birds.

Jade Dragon Snow MountainIt’s about 15 kms to this north of Lijiang Ancient Town.

Lijiang Ancient Town (Old Town of Lijiang)

My wife is raising her hands at the gate of Lijiang Ancient Town.

Lijiang Ancient Town, at 2017.08.17 ©china21.blog

Old Town of Lijiang, lying around a Lijiang plain at an altitude of 2, 400 meters in southwest Yunnan province of China.

This town is among the last surviving historical towns in China.

This city comprises of 3 parts:

  • Dayan Old Town situated from the Ming Dynasty as a commercial center.
  • Baisha housing bunch situated before during that the Song and Yuan dynasties.
  • Shuhe housing clusters situated 4 kilometers northwest of Dayan Old Town.